Cotchett, Thomas

Cotchett, Thomas
fl. 1700s
English engineer who set up the first water-powered textile mill in Britain at Derby.
At the beginning of the eighteenth century, silk weaving was one of the most prosperous trades in Britain, but it depended upon raw silk worked up on hand twisting or throwing machines. In 1702 Thomas Cotchett set up a mill for twisting silk by water-power at the northern end of an island in the river Derwent at Derby; this would probably have been to produce organzine, the hard twisted thread used for the warp when weaving silk fabrics. Such mills had been established in Italy beginning with the earliest in Bologna in 1272, but it would appear that Cotchett used Dutch silk-throwing machinery that was driven by a water wheel that was 13½ ft (4.1 m) in diameter and built by the local engineer, George Sorocold. The enterprise soon failed, but it was quickly revived and extended by Thomas and John Lombe with machinery based on that being used successfully in Italy.
Further Reading
D.M.Smith, 1965, Industrial Archaeology of the East Midlands, Newton Abbot (provides an account of Cotchett's mill).
W.H.Chaloner, 1963, "Sir Thomas Lombe (1685–1739) and the British silk industry", History Today (Nov.).
R.L.Hills, 1970, Power in the Industrial Revolution, Manchester (a brief coverage of the development of early silk throwing mills).
D.Kuhn, 1988, Science and Civilisation in China, Vol. V: Chemistry and Chemical
Technology, Part 9, Textile Technology: spinning and reeling, Cambridge (covers the diffusion of the techniques of the mechanization of the silk-throwing industry from China to the West).

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moulin de Lombe — Lombe s Mill Lombe s Mill vu de l autre rive de la Derwent Localisation Situation Derby …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Derwent Valley Mills — Derwent Valley Mills * UNESCO World Heritage Site Country Unit …   Wikipedia

  • John Lombe — Portrait de John Lombe sur le pont d Exeter à Derby. John Lombe est un filateur de soie anglais du XVIIIe siècle. Biographie John Lombe est né à Norwich autour de 1693, d un père …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Sorocold — La roue à aubes de Sorocold sur la Tamise. George Sorocold (vers 1668 vers 1738) est un ingénieur du XVIIIe siècle né à Derby, en Angleterre. Biographie George Sorocold est né à Derby vers 1668. Son père, James Sorocold, venait du Lancas …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of United States presidential electors, 2004 — This is a list of 2004 U.S. presidential electors, by state.Alabama Republican bush.pdf # Beth Chapman (born 1962) of Birmingham, at large elector. Chapman is the Alabama State… …   Wikipedia

  • John Lombe — was a silk spinner in 18th century Derby, England.He was born in Norwich in approximately 1693 the son of a worsted weaver. He was a younger half brother of Thomas Lombe, who after his death would go on to amass a fortune as a silk merchant in… …   Wikipedia

  • George Sorocold — (c. 1668 ndash; c. 1738) was an engineer in Derby, England in the eighteenth century. Biography He was born in Derby some time around 1668, the son of James Sorocold who had moved to the town from Lancashire. He married Mary, the daughter of… …   Wikipedia

  • University of California, Hastings College of the Law — Infobox Law School name = University of California, Hastings College of the Law established = 1878 type = Public endowment = | parent endowment = | head = [ Nell Jessup Newton] city = San Francisco state =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”